Prescription Drug Abuse and Treatment
Using prescription medication in a way that it was not intended by the doctor who prescribed it is classed as prescription drug abuse. Prescription drug abuse can affect anyone, at any age, but it is more common in younger people and is an increasing problem.
Commonly abused prescription drugs
The most commonly abused prescription medications are opioids (intended for pain relief), central nervous system depressants (for anxiety and sleep disorders), and stimulants (prescribed for disorders like ADHD and narcolepsy).
Opioids and their brand names include:
hydrocodone (Vicodin®), oxycodone (OxyContin®), propoxyphene (Darvon®), hydromorphone (Dilaudid®), meperidine (Demerol®), and diphenoxylate (Lomotil®).
Central nervous system depressants
Central nervous system depressants and their brand names include:
Barbiturates such as pentobarbital sodium (Nembutal®), and benzodiazepines such as diazepam (Valium®) and alprazolam (Xanax®).
Stimulant medications and their brand names include:
dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine®), methylphenidate (Ritalin® and Concerta®), and amphetamines (Adderall®).